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State to ensure rigorous enforcement of prohibition of slow moving vehicles on Delhi NCT expressways – Delhi High Court

Coram : Chief Justice Sanjeev Narula

 

Order date : 17th October, 2023

 

Introduction :

 

A PIL was filed in the hon’ble Delhi High Court to address concerns over slow moving vehicles on the expressway prohibiting high-speed throughfare.

 

Facts:

 

The PIL filed by the petitioner stated that the purpose of the expressway is deteriorated when the slow moving vehicles clogs the roads and also jeopardizes public safety. The PIL intrinsically connects the right to safer travel with that of broad interpretation of right to life and personal liberty.

It was observed that the genesis of the PIL can be traced back to the petitioner’s personal experiences who has been commuting in the Delhi-Gurugram Expressway which is a segment of NH-48. The petitioner claims that the presence of slow moving vehicles in the expressway has significantly increased and has caused multitude of accidents resulting in loss of life and property damage. The petitioner had approached various authorities such as the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) who has confirmed the prohibition of slow moving vehicles. NHAI came with an agreement with DCP- Gurugram (respondents 5) which stated that vehicles like tractors, carts, and two-three wheelers are explicitly barred.

NHAI reports between 2017-2022 produced data that 31 fatalities have been caused because of slow moving vehicles along with 137 grave accidents in the expressway. The petitioner also refers to the HC of Karnataka which refrained  two wheelers to use highways and insisted on using the service roads. The petitioner has filed the PIL on the ground that there is a lack of adherence to traffic norms and road regulations.

Courts Analysis and Judgement:

The court took cognizance of the issue and stated that it is of utmost importance to ensure that traffic rules and regulations are strictly enforced. The court also noticed that the NHAI has observed the alarmingly increasing slow moving vehicles in the expressway causing frequent accidents.

It was stated that that the prohibition of two-wheelers, three-wheelers, tractors and animal driven vehicles are done primarily to ensure the safety of all road users and use the express way effectively. It has been noted that there is a regulatory framework for providing safety measures but the problem persists in the enforcement and adherence.

The court directed the state to rigorously enforce the existing prohibitions with respect to slow moving vehicles. In furtherance, it was held that providing an additional specific lane would be filled with complexities upon the policy considerations.

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Written by- Sushant Kumar Sharma

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The Brand SEVEN HOURS using the branding similar to RED BULL’S allowed to dispose of the allready produced cans subjected to the payment of Rs.13 Lakhs to Red Bull: HIGH COURT OF DELHI

Title: RED BULL AG V ROHIDAS POPAT KAPADNIS & ANR.

CS(COMM) 512/2023 & I.A. 20372/2023

Decided on: 16/10/2023

Coram: Hon’ble Ms. Justice Pratibha M. Singh

Introduction:

In the present case, Plaintiff is the energy drink company RED BULL, aggrieved by the Defendant’s adoption of an identical silver and blue colour combination for identical energy drinks. The Defendants are manufacturing and marketing the said energy drink under the mark ‘SEVEN HOURS’.

Facts:

The dispute is regarding the use of the silver and blue colour combination by the defendant for their identical energy drinks. The defendant is manufacturing and marketing the said energy drink under the mark ‘SEVEN HOURS’. Mr. Anirudh Bakhru, the plaintiff’s counsel submitted that in past, the colour combination of blue and silver for energy drinks has been protected by the courts in various orders. The marks of the plaintiff include ‘RED BULL’, ‘BULL’ , the double BULL device, single BULL device as also the blue and silver colour combination in a trapezial design. The case of the plaintiff is that the blue and silver colour combination in the distinctive layout and arrangement is exclusively associated with the plaintiff.

On the same case previously an ex parte injunction was granted on 1st August, 2023 and a Local Commissioner was also appointed directing seizure and defendant was told to deposit Rs. 3 Lakhs to Registrar general of the court. The Defendants have moved this present application for further consideration. It is the submission of the Defendants that unfilled cans are also quite expensive and the Defendants have been selling these products since 2021.

Court’s Analysis and Judgement:

The Court sated that the defendant has been using the cans for last 2 years so they can be given the permission to fill the unfilled cans and sell the same, during usual course of business, But this approval is subjected to the condition of paying Rs.10 Lakhs addition to the previous Rs.3 Lakhs to the plaintiff for the loss faced by them.

After this no further products shall be sold by the Defendants under the infringing marks and labels except the filled and unfilled cans which were seized by the Local Commissioner. The unfilled cans which have been seized, shall be released in favour of the Defendants, which were given to them on superdari basis, in the presence of a representative of the Plaintiff. Further the court held that Defendant’s trademark applications bearing nos. 5683132 and 5598032 shall stand withdrawn. The Registrar of Trademarks shall reflect the same on its website within four weeks from receipt of the order.

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Written By : Sushant Kumar Sharma

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Delhi High Court Navigates Quorum Quandaries and Remedies in PMLA Appeals 

Case Title: Gold Croft Properties Pvt Ltd vs. Directorate of Enforcement 

Date of Decision: 19th September 2023 

Case Number: LPA 167/2023 

Coram: Hon’ble Chief Justice and Hon’ble Mr. Justice Subramonium Prasad 

 

Introduction 

 

This case involves an appeal against a judgment passed by a Single Judge in a writ petition. The appellant, Gold Croft Properties Pvt Ltd, challenged an order by the Adjudicating Authority under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA), which denied their application for deferment of proceedings. The appellant contended that the Adjudicating Authority was not properly constituted at the time. This appeal aims to contest the Single Judge’s decision upholding the Adjudicating Authority’s order.  

   

Factual Background 

 

The case arose when the State Bank of India filed a complaint in August 2020 alleging the diversion of funds by the accused for purposes other than those the funds were availed for. An FIR was subsequently registered by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in February 2022 for various offenses. The appellant was not initially named as an accused in this FIR. The Enforcement Directorate (ED) registered an ECIR against the appellant and others, followed by a Provisional Attachment Order in September 2022. The ED filed a complaint before the Adjudicating Authority in October 2022 for the confirmation of the Provisional Attachment Order.  

   

The appellant also mentioned that a chargesheet related to the predicate offense had been filed by the CBI. The appellant then filed an application before the Adjudicating Authority, which is the subject of this appeal, arguing that the Adjudicating Authority lacked a proper quorum as required under the PMLA and that they had not been supplied with a copy of ‘Reasons to Believe’ by the ED, which led to the Provisional Attachment Order.  

   

Legal Issues 

 

  1. Whether the Adjudicating Authority had the required quorum under the PMLA. 
  2. Whether the appellant should have approached the Appellate Tribunal instead of filing a writ petition. 
  3. Whether the application for deferment of proceedings was maintainable. 
  4. Whether the Provisional Attachment Order was justified under the PMLA. 

   

Contentions 

 

  • Appellant’s Argument: The appellant argued that the Adjudicating Authority lacked the required quorum as specified under the PMLA. They also contended that their application should not have been rejected without a proper hearing, and a single-member bench was not in accordance with the PMLA.  
  • Respondent’s Argument: The ED argued that the application was not maintainable, as the Appellate Tribunal provided an alternative remedy. They also defended the validity of the Provisional Attachment Order and the composition of the Adjudicating Authority.  

   

Observation and Analysis 

 

The court reviewed the Provisional Attachment Order and the complaint, finding that the Order was based on a detailed analysis of various documents and materials. It concluded that the Adjudicating Authority had sufficient grounds to believe that the appellant possessed proceeds of crime.  

   

The court also clarified that the PMLA allows for the formation of single-member benches, citing precedent from an earlier case (J Sekar vs. Union of India & Ors). The application filed by the appellant requesting a two-member bench was deemed not maintainable.  

   

Decision of the Court 

 

The court dismissed the appeal, upholding the judgment of the Single Judge, and found that the writ petition filed by the appellant was not maintainable. It held that the appellant should have pursued the statutory remedies provided by the PMLA, including the option to appeal before the Appellate Tribunal. 

 

 

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Written by – Ananya Chaudhary 

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Delhi High Court Clarifies MSME Act’s Applicability: Timing of Registration Matters 

Case Title: JKS Infrastructure Private Limited v. MSME Facilitation Council and Others 

Date of Decision: 18th September 2023 

Case Number: W.P.(C) 16567/2022 

Coram: Justice Prathiba M. Singh 

 

Introduction 

 

This case involves a petition filed by JKS Infrastructure Private Limited (the petitioner) seeking an order to set aside a reference made by the MSME Facilitation Council (Respondent No.1) under section 18(2) of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006 (MSME Act), and subsequent proceedings initiated based on the said reference. The dispute arose between the petitioner and Lamba Techno Flooring Solutions (Respondent No.3), leading to a reference to arbitration. 

 

Facts 

 

  • The petitioner, JKS Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd., filed a petition seeking the setting aside of the reference UDYAM-DL-10-0032365/M/00003 dated 10th September 2022, made by Respondent No.1 (MSME Facilitation Council) under section 18(2) of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006 (MSME Act).  
  • The dispute arose between the petitioner and Respondent No.3 (Lamba Techno Flooring Solutions), which led to a reference to arbitration by Respondent No.1.  
  • The petitioner argued that the MSME Act did not apply as the purchase order and invoice between the petitioner and Respondent No.3 were dated before Respondent No.3’s registration as an MSME on 8th February 2021. 

   

Legal Issue 

 

Whether the MSME Act is applicable when the registration as an MSME occurred after the completion of the works or services? 

   

Contentions 

 

The petitioner contends that the MSME Act does not apply because the purchase order and invoice were dated before Respondent No.3’s registration as an MSME. This argument is based on the timing of registration relative to the contract.  

 

Legal Principles 

 

  • Registration under the MSME Act must occur before entering into a contract for the benefits of the Act to apply retroactively.  
  • The registration’s timing determines the Act’s applicability to goods and services supplied, with the Act applying only prospectively to post-registration supplies. 

   

Observation and Analysis 

 

The Court considered recent judgments in Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. Ram Prakash, and M/s. Grand Mumtaz Hotel v. Deputy Commissioner North East Government of NCT of Delhi to resolve the legal issue. These judgments emphasized that registration under the MSME Act must occur before the contract and supply of goods or services for the Act’s benefits to apply. Registration after the fact does not grant retrospective benefits under the MSME Act.  

   

Decision of the Court 

 

In light of the legal precedent established in the aforementioned judgments, the Court ruled that if registration under the MSME Act occurs after the completion of works or the execution of the contract, the Act would not be applicable. Therefore, the impugned references were quashed. Respondents were advised to pursue remedies in accordance with the law.  

 

“PRIME LEGAL is a full-service law firm that has won a National Award and has more than 20 years of experience in an array of sectors and practice areas. Prime legal fall into a category of best law firm, best lawyer, best family lawyer, best divorce lawyer, best divorce law firm, best criminal lawyer, best criminal law firm, best consumer lawyer, best civil lawyer.” 

 

Written by – Ananya Chaudhary 

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Jurisdictional Tug of War: Delhi High Court Weighs in on Forum Conveniens in a Recent Case   

Case Title: NBCC (INDIA) LIMITED v. DAKSHIN HARYANA BIJLI VITRAN NIGAM & ORS. 

Date of Decision: September 27, 2023

Case Number: W.P.(C) 443/2023 & CM APPL. 1741/2023 

Coram: Hon’ble Mr. Justice Prateek Jalan 

 

Introduction 

 

This case involves a petition filed by NBCC (INDIA) LIMITED (the petitioner) under Article 226 of the Indian Constitution. The petitioner seeks various reliefs related to a dispute with Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam and others (the respondents) concerning electrification for a housing project in Gurugram, Haryana.  

   

Factual Background 

 

  • The petitioner, a Public Sector Undertaking, applied to the Nigam for approval of electrical load and scheme for its housing project in Gurugram in 2015.  
  • The Nigam issued a communication in favor of the petitioner’s project in 2016 from its Delhi office.  
  • The petitioner had agreements with respondent No. 3 for sharing infrastructure for electrification.  
  • A dispute arose when the Nigam issued a letter in 2022 stating that forming a group for sharing the switching station with respondent No. 3 was not technically feasible.  

   

Legal Issues 

 

The main legal issue is whether the High Court of Delhi has territorial jurisdiction to hear the petitioner’s case under Article 226(2) of the Indian Constitution, considering the cause of action and the doctrine of forum conveniens.  

   

Contentions of the Parties 

 

  • The petitioner argued that since part of the cause of action had arisen within the jurisdiction of the Delhi High Court, it should maintain jurisdiction.  
  • The respondents contended that they are not within the Delhi High Court’s jurisdiction, and the cause of action did not substantially arise there.  

   

Observation and Analysis 

 

  • Article 226(2) allows High Courts to exercise jurisdiction if any part of the cause of action arises within their territorial jurisdiction.  
  • The doctrine of forum conveniens states that a High Court may decline jurisdiction if the proceedings are more closely connected to another High Court.  
  • Several judgments, including Kusum Ingots & Alloys Ltd. vs. Union of India, State of Goa vs. Summit Online Trade Solutions (P) Ltd., and Sterling Agro Industries vs Union of India, emphasized the importance of forum conveniens in exercising jurisdiction.  
  • The cause of action in this case, related to electrification of a project in Gurugram, is intimately connected to the State of Haryana.  
  • The issuance of the communication in Delhi was considered a “slender part of the cause of action.” 

   

Decision of the Court 

 

The court considered the concept of “forum conveniens” and noted that the cause of action was primarily related to the project’s electrification in Gurugram, Haryana, which fell outside the Delhi High Court’s jurisdiction. The court cited relevant precedents and emphasized that even if a small part of the cause of action arises within the jurisdiction, it may not necessarily confer jurisdiction. 

 

The High Court dismissed the writ petition, citing the doctrine of forum conveniens, as the case was more closely connected to Haryana. The petitioner was granted the liberty to approach the appropriate court with the same cause of action.  

 

“PRIME LEGAL is a full-service law firm that has won a National Award and has more than 20 years of experience in an array of sectors and practice areas. Prime legal fall into a category of best law firm, best lawyer, best family lawyer, best divorce lawyer, best divorce law firm, best criminal lawyer, best criminal law firm, best consumer lawyer, best civil lawyer.” 

 

Written by – Ananya Chaudhary 

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