Is India Ready For Acceptance Of Same Sex Marriage 

  1. The historical and cultural context of same-sex marriage in India:

 The historical and cultural context of same-sex marriage in India is vastly different from the western countries where it is widely accepted. India has a rich history of diverse religious and cultural practices that have shaped the institution of marriage. Traditional Indian society has long been rooted in the concept of arranged marriages between heterosexual couples, and any deviation from this norm is often seen as a threat to the societal fabric. Therefore, accepting same-sex marriage would require a significant shift in societal attitudes and a re-evaluation of deeply ingrained beliefs. However, in recent years, there has been a growing movement advocating for LGBTQ+ rights and recognition in India. [1]This has led to a more open and inclusive dialogue about same-sex relationships and marriage. Activists and allies have been working tirelessly to challenge the traditional notions of marriage and push for legal recognition of same-sex unions. While progress has been made, there is still a long way to go before same-sex marriage becomes widely accepted and legalized in India.

  1. Comparing the acceptance of same-sex marriage in other Western countries with the Indian perspective:

 In comparison to other Western countries, the acceptance of same-sex marriage in India is still relatively low. While countries like Canada, the United States, and several European nations have legalized same-sex marriage and have seen a significant shift in public opinion towards acceptance, India’s cultural and religious diversity present unique challenges. Traditional beliefs and conservative attitudes towards marriage and sexuality continue to hinder progress in achieving widespread acceptance of same-sex unions in the country. However, it is important to note that there are pockets of support and growing acceptance within certain communities and urban areas in India.

 One of the main reasons for the slow progress in India is the deep-rooted influence of religion and culture. Hinduism, which is the dominant religion in India, has traditionally held conservative views on homosexuality. Many religious leaders and conservative groups argue that same-sex relationships go against the teachings of Hindu scriptures and threaten the sanctity of traditional marriages. Additionally, India’s diverse cultural landscape, with its multitude of languages, customs, and traditions, further complicates the push for widespread acceptance of same-sex unions. Different regions and communities within India have varying levels of understanding and acceptance of LGBTQ+ individuals.

In some parts of India, particularly in urban areas, there has been a growing acceptance and visibility of the LGBTQ+ community. Pride parades and LGBTQ+ organizations have emerged, providing safe spaces and support for individuals to express their sexual orientation or gender identity. However, in more conservative rural areas, LGBTQ+ individuals may still face discrimination, social stigma, and even violence. The struggle for equal rights and acceptance for the LGBTQ+ community in India is an ongoing battle, as societal attitudes and cultural norms continue to evolve.

  1. Analyzing the legal and constitutional implications of accepting same-sex marriage within the Indian framework:

Analyzing the legal and constitutional implications of accepting same-sex marriage within the Indian framework is a complex and contentious issue. While the decriminalization of homosexuality in 2018 was a significant step towards equality, the recognition of same-sex marriages is still a distant reality. The Indian legal system, rooted in traditional values and religious beliefs, presents numerous challenges when it comes to amending existing laws or enacting new ones to accommodate same-sex marriages. Additionally, the constitutional interpretation of marriage as a union between a man and a woman further complicates the path towards marriage equality.

 Despite these challenges, there has been a growing movement within India to advocate for the recognition of same-sex marriages. Activists, lawyers, and members of the LGBTQ+ community have been tirelessly working towards dismantling the barriers that prevent equal rights for all citizens. They argue that denying same-sex couples the right to marry not only violates their fundamental human rights, but also perpetuates discrimination and marginalization.

Furthermore, advocates for marriage equality in India argue that legalizing same-sex marriages would have numerous benefits for society as a whole. They contend that granting same-sex couples the right to marry would promote social inclusivity and acceptance, as well as provide legal protections and benefits for these couples and their families. Additionally, they assert that recognizing same-sex marriages would enhance India’s reputation as a progressive and inclusive nation on the global stage. By embracing marriage equality, India would send a powerful message of equality and respect for all its citizens, regardless of their sexual orientation.

  1. Examining public opinion and societal attitudes towards homosexuality in India, and how it may impact the acceptance of same-sex marriage:

Public opinion and societal attitudes towards homosexuality in India play a crucial role in determining the acceptance of same-sex marriage. While there has been progress in recent years, with the decriminalization of homosexuality in 2018, traditional beliefs and cultural norms still pose significant challenges. Many individuals and communities continue to hold conservative views, viewing homosexuality as immoral or unnatural. However, there is also a growing acceptance and support for the LGBTQ+ community, especially among the younger generation. This shift in attitudes is evident through the emergence of LGBTQ+ pride parades, support groups, and advocacy organizations across the country. [2]

Nonetheless, homophobia and discrimination still persist in various forms, including hate crimes, workplace discrimination, and social stigma. Despite progress in some areas, the fight for equality and acceptance for the LGBTQ+ community is far from over. It requires ongoing education, dialogue, and policy changes to dismantle the barriers that hinder full inclusivity and respect for individuals of all sexual orientations. Additionally, the intersectionality of LGBTQ+ identities with race, gender, and socioeconomic status adds another layer of complexity to the struggle for equality.

  1. Discussing potential challenges, debates, and controversies surrounding the westernization argument for same-sex marriage in India:

It is crucial to understanding the diverse perspectives within the LGBTQ+ community. While some argue that adopting a Western model of marriage equality may lead to cultural erosion and the loss of traditional values, others believe that it is a necessary step towards achieving equal rights and recognition for same-sex couples. This debate highlights the complexities of navigating LGBTQ+ rights within different cultural contexts and the need for nuanced discussions that take into account the unique challenges faced by each community.[3]

 One of the main concerns raised by those who argue against adopting a Western model of marriage equality is the potential erosion of cultural values. They believe that embracing same-sex marriage may lead to the loss of traditional practices and customs that have been deeply rooted within their communities for centuries. This fear stems from the belief that the LGBTQ+ movement is heavily influenced by Western ideologies and that adopting Western concepts of marriage may undermine the cultural identity of non-Western LGBTQ+ individuals.


It is important to recognize that cultural values are not stagnant, but rather evolve and adapt over time. Embracing marriage equality does not necessarily mean abandoning cultural traditions, but rather finding a balance between honoring heritage and promoting inclusivity. It is possible for non-Western LGBTQ+ individuals to maintain their cultural identity while also advocating for equal rights within their communities. By fostering open dialogue and understanding, societies can navigate the complexities of cultural values and create a more inclusive and accepting environment for all individuals, regardless of their sexual orientation.

“PRIME LEGAL is a full-service law firm that has won a National Award and has more than 20 years of experience in an array of sectors and practice areas. Prime legal fall into a category of best law firm, best lawyer, best family lawyer, best divorce lawyer, best divorce law firm, best criminal lawyer, best criminal law firm, best consumer lawyer, best civil lawyer.”

Written By : Sushant Kumar Sharma

[1] Kelly Kollman, Same-sex unions : The Globalization of an idea, Vol.51, No.2, OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 329 (2007)

[2] Same sex marriage in India, DRISHTI IAS (Oct 17,2023), https://www.drishtiias.com/daily-updates/daily-news-analysis/same-sex-marriage-in-indiahttps://www.drishtiias.com/daily-updates/daily-news-analysis/same-sex-marriage-in-india

[3] US Same-Sex Marriage Ruling Likely to Impact Other Countries, VOA News (June 28, 2015, 10:19 AM) https://www.voanews.com/a/ap-us-same-sex-marriage-ruling-likely-to-impact-other-countries/2840511.html

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *