This particular decision is upheld by the High Court of Punjab and Haryana through the division bench of Justice Anil Kshetrapal in the case of Smt.Prakash Devi v Rajinder Kumar (since deceased) through his lrs. And ors (RSA-2819-2007(O&M)


The plaintiff (Sh. Rajinder Kumar son of late Sh. Bishamber Dass) filed a suit for possession by ejectment of the defendant from one of his shops. He claimed the decree of possession on the ground that the tenancy in favour of the defendant (late Sh. Diwan Chand Chowdhary) has been terminated. The defendant, while filing the written statement, denied the relationship of landlord-tenant and in fact, claimed that the premises are owned by his wife Smt. Prakash Devi, who has constructed the shop in dispute as well as the nearby shops on a plot bearing Khasra No.165. It was asserted that late Sh. Bishamber Dass, the plaintiff’s father was the owner of 5 biswas of plot comprised in Khasra No.165, which was purchased by an agreement to sell dated 01.02.1984, on payment of the entire sale consideration. Late Sh. Bishamber Dass also executed a registered Will, registered General Power of Attorney, registered Special Power of Attorney and an affidavit on 01.02.1984. Thereafter, on the basis of the aforesaid General Power of Attorney, late Sh. Diwan Chand Chowdhary transferred the property in favour of his wife Smt. Prakash Devi vide sale deed dated 14.02.1992. The defendant, after the purchase,
constructed various shops on the plot in question and started running his
business while letting out his other shops to different tenants and has been receiving the rent from the other tenanted shops.


The trial Court while dismissing the suit had recorded that on the death of Bishamber Dass, the General Power of Attorney ceased to be in force and consequently, the sale deed executed is without the enabling power, hence, Smt. Prakash Devi did not become the owner of the property. This was also held by the First Appellate Court. The question in second appeal was- Where the agent has an interest in the subject matter, then whether, on the death of the principal, the agency created by executing General Power of Attorney with respect to the immovable property along with the agreement to sell, the Special Power of Attorney, the Will, the affidavit and the other Power of Attorney will cease to be effective?
“In the present circumstances, it is evident that the agency created in favour of late Sh. Diwan Chand Chowdhary vide registered General Power of Attorney dated 01.02.1984, continued to remain in force even after the death of late Sh. Bishamber Dass. The law on the point is clear.”

As far as the facts and circumstances of the instant case are concerned, the court noted that the defendant has discharged her primary onus by producing the documents and examining the witnesses and the onus rests on the plaintiff to prove that late Sh. Bishamber Dass never executed these documents. As far as the argument of the learned counsel representing the respondent that the agreement to sell was compulsorily registrable under Section 17(b) and (c) of the Indian Registration Act, 1908 is concerned, the court held that Section 17(1)(b) and (c) are not applicable to an agreement to sell.

”PRIME LEGAL is a full-service law firm that has won a National Award and has more than 20 years of experience in an array of sectors and practice areas. Prime legal fall into the category of Best law firm, best lawyer, best family lawyer, best divorce lawyer, best divorce law firm, best criminal lawyer, best criminal law firm, best consumer lawyer, best civil lawyer.”


Click here to view judgement

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Open chat