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Provisions of Limitation Act are applicable to applications filed u/s 378(4) &(5) of Cr.PC. in NI cases


The Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka in Saroja Narasimhan Vs. Vijay Sharma (CRL.A. No. 1355/2012) an appeal for condonation of delay in filing Special Leave Application held that the provisions of Limitation Act, 1963 particularly S. 4 to s. 24 are applicable to the applications filed u/s 378 (4) & (5) of Cr.PC. and allowed special leave to prefer an appeal by condoning the delay.

  • Issue

The legal question before the Hon’ble High Court was with regards to the application of Limitation Act, so far as the appeals filed u/s 378(4) of Cr.PC. on the ground that Section 378(4) & (5) are special provisions provided for preferring the appeal and it is a self-contended enactment which provides separate and independent limitation for preferring the appeal hence provisions of Limitation Act and impliedly excluded from application.

  • Held

The Hon’ble High court while examining the question referred to various judgements of the Hon’ble Supreme Court and various other High Court examining the applicability of The Limitation Act with other Special Statues and expounded that “the provisions of the Limitation Act as enunciated u/s 29(2) of the Indian Limitation Act can be very well pressed into service and inturn it can be unequivocally said that the provisions of Limitation act from Se. 4 to s.24 are very well applicable for the purpose of condoning delay in filing application under sub sections (4) and (5) of S. 378 of Cr.PC. for Special Leave to prefer an appeal filed after the period of limitation fixed under that provision, if sufficient grounds are made out as contemplated under section 5 of the Limitation Act.”

The Hon’ble High court also observed that the general principles with regard to the right to appeal recognized under the statute “should be jealously safeguarded by the courts” and that the court should bear in mind when right is recognized that should not be in any manner allowed to be frustrated on the ground of technicalities particularly delay and the court should not become handicapped in order to advance substantial justice and in order to safeguard the rights, liabilities recognized under the statute unless the statute itself prohibits the court doing that exercise.

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